The following bibliography began life as a booklet for the Vaughan Williams Memorial Library – Metherell, C., An Introductory Bibliography on Clog and Step Dance, London: EFDSS, (1992).  2nd Edn 2004. The following is based upon that bibliography with additions found or published since 2005.  At present, generally in accordance with these web pages, the references are restricted to England. Where possible references are linked to the relevant material.

ED&S – English Dance and Song
FMJ    – Folk Music Journal
JEFDSS – Journal of the English Folk dance and Song Society


E. Scott, Dancing as an Art and Pastime, London: Bell & Sons, (1892), 214pp.
Apart from being a fascinating book in its own right, Chapter IX, “Ornamental and Solo Dances”, in addition to the usual remarks on the Sailor’s Hornpipe, includes the earliest description of a “double-shuffle” which I have come across. (Parts of this book were reprinted in E. Scott, Dancing, London: Bell & Sons, (1905), 176pp.)

L. Grove, Dancing, London: Green & Co, (1895), 454pp.
An early general treatise on all forms of dance, consisting mainly of quotes from older sources. Hardly a mention of step dancing, apart from the Sailor’s Hornpipe.

R. St-Johnston, A History of Dancing, London: Simkin, Marshall, (1906), 197pp. Included because of its early mention of clog dancing. Also refers to to the Sailor’s Hornpipe.

A.G. Gilchrist, “Some English and Scottish Folk-Dances Surviving Amongst Children”, JEFDS, 2nd Series, IV, (1931), 22-36.
An interesting study of a Scottish “kibby” dance and an early mention of Lakeland step dancing.

V. Alford & R. Gallop, The Traditional Dance, London: Methuen, (1935), 204pp.
A general survey, but included here as the authors, unlike those writing similar books both before and since, actually mention Devonshire and Lancashire step dances.

C.D.A. Capp, “Traditional and Playford Dances”, ED&S, VI, 4, (1942), 45.
An exhortation, which regrettably went unnoticed, to go forth and record step dancing. Mentions step dancing in the Mendips.

J.F. & T.M. Flett, “What Do We Really Know About Our Dances?”, ED&S, XXI, 2, (1956), 42-4.
A good exposition of just what we didn’t know. Includes an early exhortation to look closely at clog and step dances.

G. S. Emmerson, “The Hornpipe”, FMJ, II, 1, (1970), 12-34.
An historical survey of the hornpipe in both music and dance.

Instep, No 1 – , Newcastle: Instep Research Team, (1981- ) Issued at varying intervals. Covers the whole spectrum of clog and step dancing.

C. Hays, J. Jarman, A.S. Metherell, C. Metherell, A. Smith & E. Wilson, Newcastle Notation, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, (1981) 17pp. The basis of all later Newcastle Notation booklets, this publication contains full details of the notation system used in these publications.

C. & A.S. Metherell, “Newcastle Notation – A Resume”, Instep, 1, 1981, 3.
Simplified outline of the full Newcastle Notation system.

A-M Hulme, “Recording Step-Dancing”, Traditional Dance, 5/6, (1988), 82-88.
A consideration of the problems involved in conducting research in this area.


C.J. Sharp, The Morris Book, 5pt, London: Novello (1907-24)
Mostly, of course, morris, but includes, in the following parts, notations for the Bacca Pipes Jig:

Pt II, 1st edn (1909), 46pp, Headington (Oxon)
Pt II, 2nd edn (1919), 68pp, Headingtom (Oxon)
Pt III, 1st edn, (1910), 104pp, Headington (Oxon), Bampton (Oxon), Brackley (Nthants).
Pt III, 2nd edn, (1924), 124pp, Bampton (Oxon), Brackley (Nthants). The latter is now accepted as coming from Hinton in the Hedges.

G. Hughes, Clog Steps for Beginners, London: EFDSS, nd.
Popular handbook containing notations for a number of anonymous clog steps. No notational key.

R.J. Sharp, “The Sailor’s Hornpipe”, ED&S, XVI, 4, (1952), 114.
Concerns the R.N. version. A partial copy of this article appeared in ED&S, VII, 2, (1942), 19. Copies of various MS versions are to be found in the VWML collection

L. Bacon, A Handbook of Morris Dancing, The Morris Ring, (1974), 323pp.
Has become the standard notational work on Cotswold and some other morris. Presupposes that the reader has a prior knowledge of the dance. Notations for various versions of Bacca Pipes from; Bampton (Oxon), Headington (Oxon) and Hinton in the Hedges (Nthants). Mentions of dance at Ascott under Wychwood (Oxon), Ilmington (Warks), Leominster (Herefs) and Oddington (Gloucs).

B. Dobson, Concerning Clogs, Clapham: Dalesman Pub Co, (1979), 70pp.
Rhymes, stories and anecdotes.

B. Dobson, Clattering Clogs, Blackpool: Landy Pub Co, (1981), 87pp.
More of the same.

C. Metherell, “Some Early Records of Clog Dancing”, Instep, 5, 1982, [4-8].
Records of “wooden shoe” dances on the London stage in the 18th century.

A.G. Barrand, English Clog Dance Steps: Hornpipe, Waltz and Reel, Boston, U.S.A.: School for Traditional Dance and Song Press, (1983), 70pp.
An American attempt at publishing a compilation of English clog steps in various styles. Author’s own notation, no key given. Almost entirely material obtained by the author second or even third hand.  An interesting document however.

C. Metherell. “Clog dancing:  An Analysis of Regional Differences” in Buckland, T. (ed), Traditional Dance. Vol 3, (1985), p1-16)

C. Metherell & E. Wilson, The Beginner’s Guide to Clog Dancing, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, [1985], [18pp].
General guidance on how to start clog dancing, a resume of some of the various styles and a simplified description on the notation system employed. Includes notation examples for various styles and music examples.

A.G. Barrand (Ed), Roy Dommett’s Morris Notes. 5 Vols.
Volume 2: Cotswold or Wychwood Morris, Northampton U.S.A.: CDSSA, (1986), 497pp.
Volume 5: Other Morris, Northampton U.S.A.: CDSSA, (1986), 183pp.
Vol 2, in addition to Cotswold Morris covers versions of Bacca Pipes. Vol 5 contains, in fact, quite a lot which is not morris at all.  Includes notations for Over the Sticks, Sussex Four Handed Broom Dance (p158) and the Hop Pickers Broom Dance (p159). On the clog side there is a notation for a Lancashire dance collected by Julian Pilling.


C. Papworth, “The Comberton Broom Dance”, ED&S, XXXVI, 1, (1974), 30.
Contains background and notation for the author’s version of the broom dance which has become known as the Comberton Broom Dance.

C. Papworth, Polka Round, Cambridge: The Author, (1984) 28pp.
Essentially a reprint of the above but with some extra information.


M. & A. Davey, Troyl II, []: Cam Kernewek, (1982), 12pp.
Contains a notation for a Broom Dance.

M. & A. Davey, Troyl III, []: Cam Kernewek, (1984), 16pp.
Contains notations for a two handed Broom Dance, a ladies solo, and a clog dance.

Cam Kernewek, Corollyn, Bodmin, Cam Kernewek, (1991), 92pp.
Contains chapters  on step dances and broom dancing, including full notations. A video cassette is also available.


P. Kennedy, “A West Country Step Dance Contest”, ED&S, XV, 5, (1951), 145.
Note of step dance contest held in February 1951 at South Zeal.

The Humphreys Family, “A Broom Dance from Devon”, ED&S, XVIII, 6, (1954), 204-5.
Full notation for a dance collected from Mr Rowe of Bradninch.

T.M. Flett, “The Broom Dance – II”, ED&S, XIX, 1, (1954), 26-27. A compilation of information from the C.J. Sharp MSS, including, amongst other references, a notation for a version of the dance collected in Lew Trenchard.

A-M. Hulme & P. Clifton, Dartmoor Step Dancing, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, (10/85). 1st Rev 11/85, 2nd & 3rd Rev 1986, 4th Rev (with C & A.S.Metherell) 1989.
Notations for steps collected from Bob Cann and Leslie Rice, with some background material.

C. Metherell, “Bob Cann, B.E.M. 1915-1990. Step Dancer”, ED&S, 53, 1, (1991), 13-16.
Full biography and notations for Bob Cann’s steps.

C. & A. Metherell, Devon Step Dancers 1. Bob Cann, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, (1991), [16pp]. Effectively a slightly modified version of the above. The step notations are identical.

C. & A. Metherell, Devon Step Dancers 2. Leslie Rice, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, (1991), [16pp].
Full biography and notations for Leslie Rice’s Devon steps.

O.J. Lewis, Devonshire Step Dancing, Living Tradition, 132, 30-32, (2020)

Sture, L., Devon Stepdancing.  Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow,   (2017).


M.R. Dacombe, Dorset Up Along and Down Along, Dorchester: Longmans, (3rd Edn 1951), 149pp.  Just a mention of the Broom Dance.


W.E.F. MacMillan, “A ‘Grensleeves’ Dance”, JEFDS, 2nd series, III, (1930), 60.
Merely a mention of a dance performed over crossed whips.


E.M. Leather, Folk-Lore of Herefordshire, Hereford: Jakeman & Carver, (1912), 286pp.
Contains an early notation for the Broom Dance.


M.E. Smart, “The Broom Dance”, ED&S, XIX, 1, (1954), 26.
Merely a mention of a broom dance performed in the 1920’s.

A. Simons, “A Broom Dance from Kent”, ED&S, XIX, 5, (1955), 178.
A tantalising letter giving a few details.


A. Frearson, “Itinerant Teacher, 1896- “, ED&S, XXI, 1, (1957), 214.
Brief details concerning one of the Robinson family of dancing masters.

J. Pilling, “Clog Dancing”, ED&S, XXIII, 3, (1959), 85.
Comments from a Lakeland dancer now living in Yorkshire.

T.M. Flett, “Norman Robinson”, ED&S, XXXII, 2, (1970), 73.
Obituary of one of Tom Flett’s major Lakeland informants.

J.F. & T.M. Flett, Traditional Step Dancing in Lakeland, London: EFDSS, (1979), 104pp.
A compilation of most of the material collected by the Fletts in the Lake District. The standard aide-memoire for Lakeland dances.

K.Gregson, “Lakeland Step Dancing and the Cumberland Bard”, ED&S, XLII, 3, (1980), 6-7.
Fascinating historical background to clog and step dancing inLakeland.

A. Crane, J. Jarman, A.S. Metherell & C. Metherell. The Cowper Family. Biography and Waltz Routine, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, (1982), [12p].
Full biography of a family of dancing masters from Whitehaven. Includes notations for their waltz routine.

A. Crane & J. Douglass, The Cowper Family Hornpipe Steps, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, 1991, [20pp]
Hornpipe steps from the same source as above.

C. Metherell, “Norman Robinson – 17 Step Routine”, Instep, 11, (1984), [3-4].
Full details of this routine as danced by one of the Flett’s main informants.

I. Dunmur, “[Letter Concerning a 17 step Lakeland Routine]”, Instep, 13, (1984), [7-9].
The author’s own version of a 17 step Lakeland routine culled from a number of sources.

C. Metherell, “Repertoire Building. Lakeland”, Instep, 15, (1985), [8-10].
The second in a series of articles covering the available choreographic material relating to a particular style. This survey covers Lakeland and includes references to step dances.

C. Metherell, “Clog Steps from the Douglas Kennedy MS”, Instep, 19, (1987), [4-14].
An evaluation and interpretation of steps collected in Lakeland by Douglas Kennedy in the late 1920’s.

C. Metherell, “Norman Robinson – Film No 1”, Instep, 20, (1987), [3-7].
A close analysis and notation of a film clip of Norman Robinson performing in 1969.


J.H. Wood, Dan Leno, London: Methuen, (1905), 285pp.
Biography of the great man, including a chapter on his clog dancing activities.

J. Pilling, “Buck and Wing”, ED&S, XXIII, 1, (1959), 25-7.
The first attempt of the folk revival to deal in any way with clog dance. Includes a try at notating steps from Mrs Veronica Ryan.

P. Tracey, “The East Lancashire Tradition”, ED&S, XXIII, 2, (1959), 39-41.
A brief history of the “heel & toe” style.

G. Barratt, “It’s a Matter of Enjoying Yourself This is What It’s All About”, Somerset Wassail, 3, (1981), np. Continued as “That’s Not the Way Sam Sherry Used to Do It”, Somerset Wassail, 4, (1982), np.
Transcriptions of taped interviews with Sam Sherry.

J. Pilling, “The Lancashire Clog Dance”, FMJ, I, 3, (1967), 158-179.
The first really serious attempt to provide an history of the dance in a particular area, including notations for many steps.

E. Flaherty, “Memories of a Lancashire Clog Dancer”, ED&S, XXX, (1968), 2, 42-6.
Autiobiography of a Lancashire clog dancer. Steps are notated by J. Pilling. A re-notation of the steps appears in Instep, 20, (1987), [9-11]

S. Steele, “Lancashire Clog Dancing. 1. Seven Lancashire Steps”,
FMJ, II, 2, (1971), 115-122.
Descriptions of steps notated by Sam Steele himself.

S. Sherry, “Lancashire Clog Dancing. 2. Notes on Clog Dancing”, FMJ,  II, 2, (1971), 122-126.
Background to Sam Sherry’s dancing.

A-M. Hulme & P. Clifton (Eds) “Actual Step Dancing. Sam Sherry: An Autobiography”, ED&S, XLI, 2, (1979), 2-7.
An autobiography of Sam Sherry, with photographs.

D. & T. Arthur, “Bill Gibbons. Barge Dancer”, ED&S, XLII, 2, (1980), 10-12.
Background material.

M. Hollis, “Bill Gibbons, Canal Step Dancer”, Instep, 1, 1981, 7-8.
Background material restricted to Mr Gibbons’ dancing.

J.B. Sherry, Dance for your Uncle Sam, Sandown: Conroy Books, (1981).
Biography of the Sherry family, including their clog dancing activities.

P. Tracey, “Off the Toe Dancing in Lancashire”, Instep, 3, (1982),
An extremely interesting article on the development of clog dancing in Lancashire.

M. Hollis, A Basic Hornpipe Routine in the Lancashire Style arranged by Sam Sherry, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, (1982), 11p.
Notations for six steps utilised by Mr Sherry as a beginners’ routine for many years.

C. Metherell, Sam Sherry. The Waltz Routines, Newcastle: Newcastle
Series, 1990, [28pp].
15 steps, with a very brief biography, the first attempt to chart changes in a dancer’s steps over a period of years.

M. Hollis, “Bert Bowden. Liverpool Dancer and Entertainer”, Instep, 10, [1983], [10-11].
Biographical material.

P. Tracey, “Clog Dancing at the Old Vic”, ED&S, XLVI, 3, (1984), 9-10.
The author’s experiences teaching clog dance to the cast of Serjeant Musgrave’s Dance.


J. Millest, “Tips and Clates”, ED&S, XXXV, (1974), 14-15.
A first report of the author’s collecting in Norfolk. This work was later followed up by Hulme & Clifton. See below.

J. Millest, “Since the 1976 Conference. Continuing Investigations into Dances in Living Memory”, IFMC UK National Committee Newsletter, 10, (1977).

P. Clifton & A-M. Hulme, “Solo Step Dancing in North Norfolk Within Living Memory”, Traditional Dance, 1, (1981), 29-58.
A most scholarly survey of step dancing within North Norfolk.

P. Clifton, “Dick Hewitt, 1921-1994”, Folk Music Journal 7;1 (1995) 129-131.

The North-East.

R. Robins. “Clog Dancing”, ED&S, XXII, 1, (1957), 30.
A very brief description of North-East clog.

E.A. Kirkby, “Clog Dancing in Northumberland and Durham”, ED&S, XXXVI, 3, (1974), 88-9.
General background to North east clog dancers, with one or two good photographs.

D. Watson, “On Clogs”, Tamlyn, 2, 2, (1975), np.
Quite a good biography of Johnson Ellwood, including his father’s songs.

W.F. Cassie, “Johnson Ellwood – Champion Clog-Dancer”, ED&S, XXXIX,
3, (1977), 111.
Obituary of one of Tyneside’s best-known dancers.

P. Brown, “The Northumberland and Durham Clog Dance”, Linfolk, 5/80, np.
Brief background to North East clog.

M. Cherry, Originality. Clog Steps by Mike Cherry, [Twyford]: The Author, (1981), 12pp.
Steps of the author’s own composition, based upon his personal collecting experiences. Author’s own notation. No notational key given, but published later. (see below.)

C. Metherell & A. Smith, An Introduction to Clog Dancing in the North East, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, (1981), 10pp.
Notations for 10 basic steps, a brief introduction and two music examples.

C. Hays & J. Jarman, “Kit Haggerty – Northumbrian Clog Dancer”Instep, 2, 1981, 3.
Brief biographical note with notations for hornpipe steps.

M. Cherry, Originality. Clog for Beginners, [Twyford]: The Author, (1982), 16pp. In fact beginners North East clog. Provides the notational key for the author’s other publications.

A.S & C. Metherell, Mrs Ivy Sands’ Single and Sailor’s Hornpipes, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, [1984], 14pp.  This and the following two entries detail biographical information, together with all of Mrs Sands’ clog repertoire. Even the Sailor’s Hornpipe is danced in clogs.

A.S. & C. Metherell, Mrs Ivy Sands’ Double Hornpipe, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, (1981), 15p.

A.S. & C. Metherell, Mrs Ivy Sands’ Exhibition Steps, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, (1982), 15p.

E. Wilson, Aylis Angus, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, (1981), 7pp.
Steps and reminiscences of a Northumbrian traveller.

J. Jarman & A. Smith, Mrs Marhoff. Single and Double Hornpipes, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, (1982), 7p.
Two simple routines from Silksworth, Co Durham.

C. Metherell, The Ellwood Family Clog Steps. Part 2, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, (1982), 11pp.
The Ellwoods dominated the clog scene on Tyneside for many years. The booklet contains 11 steps with no background. Part 1 has not yet appeared!

J. Jarman & C. Metherell, The Clog Steps of Mr John Surtees,  Newcastle: Newcastle Series, (1982), 15pp.
Mr Surtees’ full repertoire (hornpipe, waltz and schottische steps) with background information.

J. Jarman, “Tiny Allison. Died September 1981”, Instep, 4, (1982), 3-5.
Obituary with step notation.

C. Metherell, “John Surtees – 1898-1984”, Instep, 13, (1984), [3].
Obituary with brief notation.

M. Cherry, “A Contestant’s View”, Instep, 9, (1983), [4-8].
The author’s experiences as a competion dancer in the the North East.

C. Metherell, “Repertoire Building”, Instep, 9, (1983), [10].
The first in a series of articles covering the available choreographic
material relating to a particular style. This survey covers the North East.

M. Cherry, Originality. The Steps of Samuel Bell, Twyford: The Author, (1984), 20pp.
Biography and notations for Sam Bell’s hornpipe and waltz routines.

J.F. Flett, “Shuffle, Darby, Shuffle”, ED&S, 47, 2, (1985), 12.
Early references to clog dancing in the N.E. brought to light.

C. Metherell & A. Crane, Mrs Willis. The First Hornpipe, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, [1986], [8pp].
This and the following two entries, comprise a biography and notations for Mrs Elsie Willis’ entire clog repertoire.

C. Metherell, A. Crane & I. Craigs, Mrs Willis. The Double Hornpipe, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, (1987), 12pp.

C. Metherell, A. Crane & I. Craigs, Mrs Willis. The Rag Routine, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, (1989), [16pp].

C. Metherell, Alex Woodcock. The Waltz Steps, Newcastle: Newcastle Series, (1991), [16pp].
Biography and notations for the waltz steps collected from Mr Woodcock, originally of Alnwick, Northumberland.

M. Cherry, Originality. 40 Years of Clogs and a Drum,  :Trafford Publishing, (2007).
Includes steps collected by the author from both the Ellwood family and Sam Bell as well as material of his own composition.


C.E. Hennels, “The Broomstick Dancers of the Fens”, East Anglian Magazine, 2/1962, 188-189.
Rather general article, mentioning step dancing in addition to the Broom Dance.

K. Summers, “Sing, Say or Pay!”, Traditional Music, 8/9, (1978), 5-53.
A survey of music in East Suffolk. Contains much fascinating information on step dancing.

G. Dunn, The Fellowship of Song, London: Croom Helm, (1980), 254pp.
Basically concerns singing traditions in east Suffolk, but has many references to step dancing and a lot of very well researched background material.

J. Howson, “The Barber Family of Wingfield Suffolk”, Musical Traditions, 2, (1984), 19-23.
Essentially a family history, including references to step dancing.

J. Howson, Many a Good Horseman, Rochford: Musical Traditions, (1985) 58pp.
A most comprehensive survey of music, song and dance of the mid-Suffolk area. Many references to step and broom dancing.


M. Neal, The Esperance Morris Book. Part II, London: Curwen & Sons, (1912), 33pp.
Amongst the Morris dances is a notation for “Over the Sticks”, with a little background information.

V. Smith, “Interview with Scan Tester”, Traditional Music, 4, (1976), 4-10.
Contains some background on step dancing in Sussex.

R. Dommett, “Over the Sticks”, Southern Rag, 7, 2, (1981), 23.
Notation for the dance with a little background.

R. Dommett, “Sussex Four handed Broom Dance”, Morris Matters, 5, 3, (1983), 11.
Stated to have been collected by members of Chanctonbury Ring Morris Men from Scan Tester.

R. Hall, I Never Played to Many Posh Dances, Rochford: Musical Traditions, (1990), 148pp.
A marvelous book about Scan Tester. Many references to step dancing and the Broom Dance. See particularly Chapter 5.